Autism Science

Occurrence and Family Impact of Elopement in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders

Source: 
Pediatrics
Date Published: 
November, 2012
Year Published: 
2012
Abstract: 

This study assessed parent-reported elopement occurrence and associated factors among children with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD)s.

Neural Mechanisms of Improvements in Social Motivation After Pivotal Response Treatment: Two Case Studies

Source: 
J Autism Dev Disord
Date Published: 
January 2013
Year Published: 
2013
Abstract: 

In this study, functional magnetic resonance imaging was used to identify the neural correlates of successful response to Pivotal response treatment (PRT) in two young children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD).

New Study Deciphers Potential Roles of Oxytocin in Brain Function

Source: 
Nature
Date Published: 
August 4, 2013
Abstract: 

An NYU study explored the role of oxytocin in the brain's ability to filter wanted stimuli from unwanted stimuli. The researchers suggest that the neurohormone, oxytocin, is not only used to reduce unwanted background noise but also plays a key function in strengthening desired signals.

A Systematic Review of Vocational Interventions for Young Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorders

Source: 
Pediatrics
Date Published: 
September, 2012
Year Published: 
2012
Abstract: 

This study systematically reviewed evidence regarding vocational interventions for individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) between the ages of 13 and 30 years.

Pivotal Response Treatment for Infants At-Risk for Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Pilot Study

Source: 
J Autism Dev Disord
Date Published: 
January, 2013
Year Published: 
2013
Abstract: 

In the current study, a developmental adaptation of pivotal response treatment was piloted via a brief parent training model with three infants at-risk for autism.

Mindfulness-Based Therapy in Adults with an Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Source: 
Res Dev Disabil
Date Published: 
January, 2012
Year Published: 
2012
Abstract: 

This study examined the effects of a modified Mindfulness-based therapy (MBT) protocol (MBT-AS) in high-functioning adults with ASD.

Prefrontal Neuromodulation Using rTMS Improves Error Monitoring and Correction Function in Autism

Source: 
Appl Psychophysiol Biofeedback
Date Published: 
June, 2012
Year Published: 
2012
Abstract: 

The goal of this study was to investigate whether reaction time, error rate, post-error reaction time change, error related negativity, and error related positivity will show positive changes following 12-week long slow frequency repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation(rTMS) over dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) in high functioning children with ASD.

Effects of Risperidone and Parent Training on Adaptive Functioning in Children with Pervasive Developmental Disorders and Serious Behavioral Problems

Source: 
J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry
Date Published: 
February, 2012
Year Published: 
2012
Abstract: 

Children with Pervasive Developmental Disorders (PDDs) have social interaction deficits, delayed communication, and repetitive behaviors as well as impairments in adaptive functioning. Many children actually show a decline in adaptive skills compared with age mates over time.

Design and Subject Characteristics in The Federally-Funded Citalopram Trial in Children with Pervasive Developmental Disorders

Source: 
J Autism Dev Disord
Date Published: 
March, 2012
Year Published: 
2012
Abstract: 

This study conducted a randomized trial with citalopram (an anti-depressant drug) in children with Pervasive developmental disorders (PDDs).

Effects of a Brief Early Start Denver Model (ESDM)-Based Parent Intervention on Toddlers at Risk for Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Source: 
J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry
Date Published: 
October, 2012
Year Published: 
2012
Abstract: 

This study was carried out to examine the efficacy of a 12-week, low-intensity, parent-delivered intervention for toddlers at risk for autism spectrum disorders (ASD) aged 14 to 24 months and their families.