Behavior

Agent Reduces Autism-like Behaviors in Mice

Source: 
NIMH
Date Published: 
April 26, 2012
Abstract: 

National Institutes of Health researchers have reversed behaviors in mice resembling two of the three core symptoms of autism spectrum disorders (ASD). An experimental compound, called GRN-529, increased social interactions and lessened repetitive self-grooming behavior in a strain of mice that normally display such autism-like behaviors, the researchers say.

New Data Show Children With Autism Bullied Three Times More Frequently Than Their Unaffected Siblings

Source: 
MarketWatch
Date Published: 
March 26, 2012
Abstract: 

Today, the Interactive Autism Network (IAN), www.ianproject.org , the nation's largest online autism research initiative and a project of the Kennedy Krieger Institute, reports preliminary results of the first national survey to examine the impact of bullying on children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). The results show that 63 percent of children with ASD have been bullied at some point in their lives. These children, who are sometimes intentionally "triggered" into meltdowns or aggressive outbursts by peers, are bullied three times more frequently than their siblings who do not have ASD.

Mouse Model Provides Clues to Autism

Source: 
PsychCentral
Date Published: 
March 22, 2012
Abstract: 

Vanderbilt scientists report that a disruption in serotonin transmission in the brain may be a contributing factor for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and other behavioral conditions.

For Children With Autism, Variability In Successful Social Strategies Revealed By Eye-Tracking

Source: 
Medical News Today
Date Published: 
March 5, 2012
Abstract: 

Katherine Rice and colleagues, from the Marcus Autism Center, Children's Healthcare of Atlanta, and Emory University School of Medicine, used eye-tracking technology to measure the relationship between cognitive and social disability in children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and the ability of children with ASD to pay attention to social interactions.

Training Parents Is Good Medicine for Children With Autism Behavior Problems, Study Suggests

Source: 
Science Daily
Date Published: 
February 24, 2012
Abstract: 

Children with autism spectrum disorders who also have serious behavioral problems responded better to medication combined with training for their parents than to treatment with medication alone, Yale researchers and their colleagues report in the February issue of Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry.

In the Brain, Signs of Autism as Early as 6 Months Old

Source: 
Science Daily
Date Published: 
January 30, 2012
Abstract: 

Measuring brain activity in infants as young as six months may help to predict the future development of autism symptoms.

Adolescents with Autism Spend Free Time Using Solitary, Screen-based Media

Source: 
Autism Spectrum Disorders
Date Published: 
January 25, 2012
Abstract: 

Children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) tend to be fascinated by screen-based technology. A new study by a University of Missouri researcher found that adolescents with autism spend the majority of their free time using non-social media, including television and video-games.

Movement during brain scans may lead to spurious patterns

Source: 
SFARI
Date Published: 
January 16, 2011
Abstract: 

Head movements taint the results of many brain imaging studies, particularly those analyzing children or individuals with autism. That’s the sobering message from two independent studies published over the past few months in NeuroImage.

Gastrointestinal Problems In Autistic Children May Be Due To Gut Bacteria

Source: 
Medical News Today
Date Published: 
January 11, 2012
Abstract: 

The underlying reason autism is often associated with gastrointestinal problems is an unknown, but new results to be published in the online journal mBio® on January 10 reveal that the guts of autistic children differ from other children in at least one important way: many children with autism harbor a type of bacteria in their guts that non-autistic children do not.

2 Genes Affect Anxiety, Behavior In Mice With Too Much MeCP2

Source: 
Medical News Today
Date Published: 
January 11, 2012
Abstract: 

The anxiety and behavioral issues associated with excess MeCP2 protein result from overexpression of two genes (Crh [corticotropin-releasing hormone] and Oprm 1 [mu-opioid receptor MOR 1]), which may point the way to treating these problems in patients with too much of the protein, said Baylor College of Medicine scientists in a report that appears online in the journal Nature Genetics.