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Young Children With Autism Benefit Regardless of High-Quality Treatment Model

Source: 
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Date Published: 
June 28, 2013
Abstract: 

A UNC comparative efficacy study that compared the LEAP, TEACCH and Non-Model-Specific Special Education Programs found that young children who receive high-quality early intervention benefit developmentally regardless of the treatment model used.

Increasing the Gut Bacteria In Mice That Lack Them Helps Increase Their Sociability with Familiar Mice

Source: 
Molecular Psychiatry
Date Published: 
May 21, 2013
Abstract: 

A new study finds that increasing the gut bacteria populations in mice that lack them helps to increase their sociability. The increase in sociability is mainly limited to familiar mice but the study does show support for the theory of a connection between the gut and autism in certain cases.

Problematic Antibodies Affecting Brain Development During Pregnancy Could Help Explain 1/4 of Cases of Autism

Source: 
Translational Psychiatry
Date Published: 
July 9, 2013
Abstract: 

Antibodies found almost exclusively in mothers with children who have autism have a certain anitbody that may be affecting brain development during pregnancy. The same study says that these antibodies could account for nearly 1/4 of all cases of autism.

Excessive Cerebral Spinal Fluid and Enlarged Brain Size in Infants May Be a Potential Biomarker for Autism

Source: 
Brain: A Journal of Neurology
Date Published: 
April 29, 2013
Abstract: 

Researchers find that infants who later develop autism have more cerebral spinal fluid and larger brain sizes compared to typically developing infants. These differences could be a potential biomarker in infants for autism.

Majority of Individuals with SHANK3 Gene Problems Have Both Autism and Severe Intellectual Disability

Source: 
Molecular Autism
Date Published: 
June 11, 2013
Abstract: 

Prospective study of 22q13 deletion syndrome and SHANK3 deficiency shows that the majority of individuals with a SHANK3 deficiency show both signs of autism and severe intellectual disability.

Mothers Who Have Children with ASD Show Significantly Higher Levels of Fatigue

Source: 
Autism
Date Published: 
July 2013
Abstract: 

This study shows that parents who have children with ASD show significantly higher levels of fatigue when compared to mothers of typically developing children. The study argues the need for interventions that specifically target maternal fatigue.

Researchers Find Reduced Microbial Diveristy In Gut of Individuals with Autism

Source: 
PLoS One
Date Published: 
July 13, 2013
Abstract: 

Researchers found that individuals with autism have significantly fewer kinds of bacteria in their intestines. However, there was no relationship found between microbial diversity and severity of GI problems.

Study Examines the Effects of In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) on Autism Risk

Source: 
JAMA Psychiatry
Date Published: 
July 3, 2013
Abstract: 

This study found that most in vitro fertilization (IVF) procedures do not show an increase in the risk of autism. However, it found a small increase in the risk of autism in the most severe forms of male infertility that require surgical sperm retrieval.

Brain Imaging Study Shows Decreased Production of Chemical Messenger GABA in Individuals with Autism

Source: 
Neuroimage
Date Published: 
May 23, 2013
Abstract: 

A new brain imaging study shows that children with autism have low levels of GABA, a chemical that keeps brain signals in check. This is the third study in two years that supports the theory of decreased production of GABA.

Gluten Sensitivities May Cause GI Problems in Children with Autism

Source: 
PLoS One
Date Published: 
June 18, 2013
Abstract: 

A subset of children with autism displays increased immune reactivity to gluten, the mechanism of which appears to be distinct from that in celiac disease. The increased anti-gliadin antibody response and its association with GI symptoms points to a potential mechanism involving immunologic and/or intestinal permeability abnormalities in affected children.