Sensory Issues

Mothers of Children with Autism Share Their Sensory Problems

Source: 
Simons Foundation Autism Research Initiative
Date Published: 
May 2, 2014
Abstract: 

A small study published 3 April in Molecular Autism found that 98 percent of mothers of children with autism have unusual responses to sensory stimuli, including light, sound and touch. Up to 90 percent of children with autism show sensory problems, fixating on or avoiding certain smells, sounds or textures. As a result, the newest edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders lists abnormal sensitivity in one or more of the five senses as a core diagnostic feature of autism. It’s unclear whether genetics contributes to these sensory patterns, but a larger study examining the relationship between unusual sensory response, autism traits and additional disorders in family members may clarify the link.

Synaesthesia is More Common in Autism

Source: 
Molecular Autism
Date Published: 
November 19, 2013
Abstract: 

New research out of the University of Cambridge and published in the journal Molecular Autism found that people with autism are more likely to have synaethesia, which involves experiencing a mixing of the senses, such as seeing colors when they hear sounds. Both autism and synaesthesia involve neural over-connectivity, perhaps the reason why synaesthesia is disproportionately common in autism.

Environmental Enrichment as an Effective Treatment for Autism: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Source: 
Behavioral Neuroscience
Date Published: 
May 20, 2013
Abstract: 

Researchers at University of California Irvine conducted a randomized controlled trial of sensorimotor enrichment in young boys with ASD. Behavioral and cognitive improvements in the children who received sensorimotor therapy suggest that it may be a promising treatment for ASD symptoms. The group is now conducting a larger trial that includes girls.

Anxiety, sensory over-responsivity, and gastrointestinal problems in children with autism spectrum disorders

Source: 
PubMed
Date Published: 
Jan. 2013
Abstract: 

Children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) experience high rates of anxiety, sensory processing problems, and gastrointestinal (GI) problems; however, the associations among these symptoms in children with ASD have not been previously examined. The current study examined bivariate and multivariate relations among anxiety, sensory over-responsivity, and chronic GI problems in a sample of 2,973 children with ASD enrolled in the Autism Treatment Network (ages 2-17 years, 81.6 % male).

Physical Aggression in Children and Adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorders

Source: 
Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders
Date Published: 
December 27, 2012
Abstract: 

The prevalence of physical aggression was 53% across a sample of nearly 1600 children and adolescents with ASD. Girls and boys were equally likely to display aggressive behaviors. The researchers suggest sleep problems, self-injury and sensory problems may increase risk for physical aggression, and argue for better identification and treatment of these conditions.